Hydrogen atom n=3,l=1,m=1 wavefunction

  1. The electronic density is shown by dots, using the feature of AViz that enables continuous or discrete variation of color to further help indicate density. Discrete (binned) color variation, rather than a continuous change actually gives better visualization insight.

  2. Wavefunction densities from the analytic solution of the time-independent Schroedinger equation are calculated at a mesh of points, and dots (whose number corresponds to this density) are drawn in uniformly random positions in the volume element surrounding these points. MATHEMATICA was used for these calculations.